Food Labelling & Information
Food labelling is essential in order to achieve a high level of protection of consumers’ health and interests. It provides the basis to make safe use of food, and to make informed choices with particular regard to health, economic, environmental, social and ethical considerations.
The regulation of food information also aims to achieve the free movement of legally produced and marketed food in the EU, taking into account, where appropriate, the need to protect the legitimate interests of producers and to promote the production of quality products.
Food Labelling & Information Basics
Reg. (EU) 1169/2011
establishes the general principles, requirements and responsibilities governing food information, and in particular food labelling. It lays down the means to guarantee the right of consumers to information and procedures for the provision of food information
are all claims which states, suggest or imply that a food has particular beneficial nutritional properties due to:
the energy (calorific value) it provides, provides at a reduced or increased rate, or does not provide;
and/or the nutrients or other substances it contains, contains in reduced or increased proportions, or does not contain
Health claims are all claims that state, suggest or imply that there is a relationship between a food category, a food or one of its constituents, and health.
"Reduction of disease risk claims" are health claim that state, suggest or imply that the consumption of a food category, a food or one of its constituents significantly reduces a risk factor in the development of a human disease
The country of origin is the 'economic nationality' of goods traded in commerce.
In food law, depending on the product, labelling the country of origin may be mandatory or voluntary information.
In cases in which the country of origin or the place of provenance of a food is given and it is not the same as that of its primary ingredient, the country of origin of the primary ingredient must also be given, or will have to be indicated as being different to that of the food.